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Research 101

Scholarly Sources

Articles from scholarly journals are among the most authoritative sources we have, and, as such, they can give you excellent support for your argument.

Peer Reviewed

According to ProQuest Research Companion, one of the best ways of minimizing bias and incompetence is peer review. This is the process in which experts review and provide feedback on drafts of articles and books before they are published.

Learn about what Peer review is and the process for peer reviewed information from Elsevier.


Primary and Secondary Sources

ProQuest Research Companion Definitions:

A primary source is original information. It could be a letter, a diary entry, a piece of legislation, a literary text like a poem or a novel, an eyewitness account, data from a scientific study, a classified ad, or any number of other things.

A secondary source is an interpretation, analysis, commentary, riff, or basically anything on, of, or about a primary source. Examples of secondary sources include an analysis of a political speech, a critique of an original scientific study, and an examination of the social attitudes expressed in a collection of tweets.

Primary Source Examples                                                                Secondary Sources Examples

Art                                                                                                              Dictionaries

Autobiographies                                                                                     Biographies                                                    

Diaries                                                                                                     Encyclopedia's                                                            

Eyewitness Accounts                                                                           Textbooks

Government Documents                                                                      Published books

Interviews                                                                                                Articles that analyze or discuss ideas









Research Companion